Proper nutrition means eating a well-balanced diet so that your body can get the nutrients needed for good health and wellness. If your diet is low in the nutrients your body needs, your mouth may have a more difficult time resisting infection.
A poor diet can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. Foods high in carbohydrates, sugars and starches greatly contribute to the production of plaque acids that attack the tooth enamel. Eventually these acids can cause tooth enamel to break down, forming a cavity.
Foods that contain sugars of any kind can contribute to tooth decay. Almost all foods, including milk and vegetables, contain some type of sugar; however; these foods are a necessary part of a healthy diet, because many of them also contain important nutrients. To help control the amount of sugar you consume, read food labels and choose foods and beverages that are low in added sugars.
Participants’ periodontal health was evaluated through two measurements — periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachment loss of gum tissue. Researchers found that participants who consumed 55 grams or more each day of yogurt or lactic acid drinks had significantly lower instance of periodontal disease. They found that consuming milk or cheese was not as beneficial to periodontal health.
Researchers theorize that the probiotic effect of Lactobacillus bacteria could be related to healthier gums. Another Japanese study showed that adults who drank green tea might also lead to healthier gums, because its antioxidants have anti — inflammatory properties.
Tea enthusiasts can also brew up a cup of black tea (minus the sugar, lemon or milk) to help squelch or suppress growth of cavity causing bacteria and acids in the mouth, according to U.S. researchers.
Research has also shown a connection between low intake of dietary vitamin C and gum disease, so noshing on fruits and vegetables high in vitamin C — citrus fruits, strawberries, kiwi, bell peppers, tomatoes, broccoli and many other fruits and vegetables — can help you have a healthier diet and healthier gums.